Debian 10(buster) and common software installation

Debian Buster installation

basic installation(on Thinkpad X1 Carbon)

configure & tweaks

  1. Gnome Tweaks: Adwaita Dark; Font size 11(default); Scaling factor: 1.25
  2. Flathub setup for Gnome Software
  3. sudo setup sudo usermod -aG sudo <username>


  1. Debian butter is testing, but Debian testing is stable enough
  2. Download a DVD-1.iso instead of netinst to avoid network trouble.
  3. intel wifi drivers: iwlwifi Note:extract to usb stick dpkg -X ./xxx.deb folder

Common Software installation

Rime(Chinese input)

  1. Setup Chinese Language first
$ sudo vi /etc/locale.gen
# undo comment zh.CN.UTF-8 UTF-8
$ sudo /usr/sbin/locale-gen
# gnome-settings/Region & Language, select 汉语
  1. install ibus-rime sudo apt install ibus-rime
  2. ibus-setup
  3. gnome-settings/Region & Language, select English
  4. tips: ctrl+`, Atom has ibus issue


  1. install: Gnome-software with Flathub
  2. Themes: Solarized light; (Settings Font size:16)
  3. Custom keybindings(Edit/Keymap):
  'ctrl-left': 'editor:move-to-beginning-of-line'
  'ctrl-right': 'editor:move-to-end-of-line'
  1. tweak font size: change atom ui font size; content font size: ctrl + '+'
  2. Packages for javascript: linter, linter-js-standard
  3. 12-favorite Atom tips


  1. extensions: NoSquint Plus(Zoom 125%, text 100%)
  2. Customize firefox: uncheck title bar
  3. or use flatpak version: Gnome-software with Flathub repository

Debian & Gnome useful tips

  1. Gnome Help / Useful keyboard shortcuts:
  • Super: 1. search & launch: apps & settings
  • Super + Tab, Super + `
  • Super + Arrow up: Maximize
  • Super + Arrow down: Unmaximize
  1. Debian software installation methods
  • install popular software from gnome-software
  • install other software from apt-install
  • install .deb with dpkg
  • install executable software, and create gnome launcher shortcut


  1. Linux Command Line Cheat Sheet
  2. How can I run Debian stable but install some packages from testing?
  3. 25 apt-get commands
  4. Chinese input need set Chinese language first
  5. gnome: create launcher shortcut